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Organic Farming

Editor's desk | Nov 20, 2020 04:19 PM IST

The era of synthetic materials resulting increase in the produce is past. The use of chemical fertilisers, insecticides, etc. is a strict no-no in the current era of conscious farming. To provide and ecological balance, prevent pollution of soil & water, withstand climate change etc., age old natural practices to conduct the process of farming is rapidly being adopted.

Thanks to increased transparency in various industries and constant field education, people are closely monitoring their food product intake. People are increasingly being educated with the negative impacts of chemically induced farming practices on our ecology.

The field of agroecology incorporating scientific knowledge of ecology promotes the traditional farming practices. This has initiated an eco-farming drive. Practices such as organic and natural farming are gaining popularity and is now being widely practiced in various parts of the world.

What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming is the practice adopted for growth of crop and/or livestock with application of practices in harmony with the ecology. A concept pre-existing in the farming practices was highlighted in the 1900s by Sir Albert Howard, F.H. King, Rudolf Steiner, and constantly by such other revolutionaries in the field.

As conveyed in the words by

International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) :
“Organic Farming relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved..."

Organic farming aims at:

Conducive Methods to promote Organic Farming

Organic farming is a perfect combination of new technology and old farming practices.

Further, organically raising livestock and poultry adds to providing quality meat, dairy and eggs. This enables meeting quality food standards that are safe and healthy for human consumption.

What is Natural Farming?

Natural farming is a practice incorporating laws of nature. The technique aims at growth of crops in the existing biodiversity harmonizing balance of food plants and existing farm area ecosystem. It follows the policy of no human-supplied inputs for crop growth.

Evolution of Natural Farming

Through practiced world-wide in different forms over decades, natural farming gained its popularity when introduced in the book “One Straw Revolution” by Masanobu Fukuoka.

A Japanese farmer and philosopher, Masanobu Fukuoka, described his way of farming in the book as “the natural way of farming”. As a protagonist in the book Fukuoka talks about the farming technique and his journey towards its learning. The book radically changed ideologies and challenged the common practices followed.

“The Fukuoka Method” primarily depending on cultural and local bio-diversity instills five natural farming principles:

Elaborately discussing the natural technique of farming, Fukuoka highlights the balance in the ecology and biodiversity and how it helps in aiding growth of healthy food in abundance.

Benefits of Organic and/or Natural Farming

Age old practices such as organic and natural farming have additional benefits not only to humans but also to the environment in many ways.


Aquaponics though being reliant on a crucial element, water is a sustainable way or organic farming. It enables a frequent and high yield of produce in the most natural way. The produce is not only organic but also nutritiously balanced, which is an important factor.

With the need of increased supply of food, aquaponics does serve to be a viable and immediate answer to the growing concerns.

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